All people around the world are like to healthy life and consider regarding their own health. That is the reason to take medications and follow a healthy lifestyle. But do you think about your mental health? Are you knowledgeable regarding what is mental health? Your mental health is also very important as well as physical health. Because the mental health needs to keep physical health too and your happiness depends on this. Happiness is a part of a healthy mind. A person’s behaviour, appearance, cognitive functions and emotional features also change according to your mental health. That is why mental health important to all of you.
Usually, when we attend the day to day activities at home, workplace or public we have to face some stressful events or bad experiences. We can manage all of them in a clear mind. But people who have psychiatric disorders can’t face stressful incidents or occasions like a healthy person. Let us see what is mental health, what are the main mental disorders and how to prevent or treat them?
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), “Mental health is a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community.” and “not just the absence of psychiatric disorder.”
A high level of mental health increases your learning ability, creativity and productivity. It helps to keep good relationships with family or society as well as decreases the death from suicide.
Mental disorder, mental illness or psychiatric disorder is a condition which a behavioural or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning. It is one part of mental health. The cause of mental disorders is unclear. Cultural and religious beliefs, myths and social norms consider when diagnosing the mental disorders. Some special methods like the psychometric test are used to diagnose mental disorders.
How to Define Mental Disorder?
Anything in the world defines according to the guideline. The guideline for psychiatry disorders is the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) published by the American Psychiatric Association. It explains the signs and symptoms, course, risk factors and common co-existing conditions of several hundred mental health conditions. The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) is the next commonly used diagnostic guideline published by the World Health Organization (WHO).
Some psychiatry disorders like anxiety and depression may occur in a person with family history. There is a direct link between mental disorders and heredity. A child is more prone to affect mental disorder when having two mentally ill parents more than having one mentally ill parent.
Most people live under the pressure in their family, working area or society. No one can change their environment to match each person. some people are living in a very stressful environment. These are affected the mental health of them. Not only the person’s present time but also previously birth defects also can be a risk factor of the mental disease. Childhood abuse, neglect, separations, traumatic events, stress, and any type of bad experiences are badly affecting the people. Problems in the workplace and family, migration, cultural and religious problems also the other causes of diseases.
Some persons use alcohol or other substance. These are badly affected the mental health and has a higher risk of psychiatry disorders. Substances promote anxiety. Substances like cannabis lead to occur in schizophrenia and bipolar like diseases.
Some people live with chronic physical disorders like kidney disease, diabetes, heart disease, stroke or HIV. They are a higher risk for developing a mental disorder due to the stress.
How to Identified Mental Illness?
Some changes in behaviour, thoughts and emotions help to identify the mental problem. Develop one or more of the following symptom may be an early warning sign of a mental problem.
- Changes in the eating pattern (may increase or decrease)
- Changes in the sleeping pattern (may increase or decrease)
- Miss day to day activities even basic activities
- Lack of interest
- Helpless or hopeless feelings
- Suicidal ideas
- Addict to substances
- Feeling unusually confused, forgetful, on edge, angry, upset, worried, scared, joyful or happy persistent thoughts
- Hearing voices
- Abnormal thinking pattern
- Self muttering or self smiling
- Harmful ideas
Types of Common Mental Disorders
Generalize Anxiety Disorders
This is the most common type of psychiatry disorder. Anxiety disorder is a condition which excessive feelings of fear, worry and anxiety. The people with anxiety disorder respond to particular situations or objects with feer and physical signs of anxiety. They always try to escape from the situation. If they could not manage the occasion, that affected their normal functions. There are a few types of anxiety disorders such as Panic disorder, Phobia, Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Affective disorder, Mood disorder or depressive disorder is a disease which changing the happy or sad mood. Major depression, Bipolar disorder, Persistent depressive disorder are the most common mood disorders.
Psychotic disorders distort the awareness and thinking of the person. Hallucination and delusion are the most common symptoms of psychotic disorders. Hallucination is the experience of sensation like hearing, visual or taste that are not real. Delusion is false beliefs that the ill person holds as true. Schizophrenia is an example.
People with personality disorders have strict and inflexible personality features. These patients have problems in social relationships. Patients thinking pattern and behaviour differ from the expectations of society. Examples; Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, paranoid personality disorder and antisocial personality disorder.
How to Treat Mental Illness
There are various methods to treat patients with mental illness. Treatments are unique for each patient. Treatments are more successful when combined with other strategies like counselling, occupational therapy and rehabilitation.
Attention – Caregiver team and family members should pay attention to the patients. Attention about warning signs is important to prevent unnecessary risks like committing suicide.
Pharmacotherapy Treatments – Method that use medications to treat patients. This is an important thing. Usually, patients neglect their medications. When the disappearing patient’s signs, relations also misunderstand sometimes that patient becomes a cure. Then they stop the medications. But the responsibility regarding the medications has only to the doctor. Most of the medications have serious side effects and want to treat the side effects also
Therapies – Therapies like occupational therapy, activity therapy, expressive therapy that use to treat patients. This helps to cope with the patient’s normal life again.
Self-help – Allowing the patients to change their life pattern
Mental health is very important for a happy, healthy life. Mental health can prevent problems in your daily life. For more information regarding mental disorders follow helabeauty.info website.