CORONAVIRUS COVID-19 OUTBREAK: What you should know about SARS-CoV-2?

Blog Home July 08 2020 Health, World health
SARS-CoV-2; The new type of coronavirus that found in Hubei province in China.
SARS-CoV-2; The new type of coronavirus that found in Hubei province in China.

Coronavirus is a common virus that ordinarily affects the upper respiratory tract (nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx). But some times infect the lower respiratory tract (trachea, bronchi, lungs) too. There are a number of different types of coronaviruses. Most types of coronaviruses are not dangerous and cause simple infections like the common cold.

Though the coronavirus infects an individual several times per year, the symptoms which occur due to it is very common and not harmful. But some type of coronaviruses causes severe life-threatening diseases such as the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Sudden Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). These are examples for previously occurred coronavirus epidemics.

The spread of the coronavirus is similar to other respiratory infections. Close contact between individuals is the leading cause spread the ailment. Normally, this virus spreads through the droplets generated by the cough and sneeze of the infected people. If not, through droplets of saliva or discharge of the nose. The symptoms can range from mild to mortal.

In December 2019, the outbreak from Hubei province in China identified SARS-CoV-2 as a new type of coronavirus by World health organization (WHO). The disease that occurs due to SARS-CoV-2 is called as COVID-19. It also became a global epidemic and caused a number of deaths in most countries. Apart from that, some countries like China, the second wave of coronavirus also have come.

What are the symptoms of COVID – 19?

Basically, signs of the infection are the same as upper respiratory tract infection (URTI). Symptoms of coronavirus can vary from mild to severe. Cough, fever, shortness of breath (SOB) or breathing difficulties, headache, muscle aches have published as common symptoms of coronavirus. In serious conditions, pneumonia and multiple body organ failure are common. Sometimes there are not any symptom among some patients. Infected patients with mild/common symptoms recover without hospitalization and patients with severe symptoms needs emergency care. The incubation period (time between infection and the onset of disease symptoms) has explained the range of 1 to 14 days. But in some cases, a range of 14-28 days has taken to show symptoms. In most cases, most infected people show common symptoms within five to six days.

Common symptoms of coronavirus

  • Fever
  • Dry cough
  • Shortness of breath (SOB)
  • Difficulty of breathing
  • Fatigue
  • Rash on skin
  • Chills with shivering
  • Muscle/body aches
  • Headache
  • Sore throat
  • Loss of smell or taste
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhoea

Serious symptoms of coronavirus

  • Pressure or pain in the chest
  • Difficulty breathing/shortness of breath
  • Impairment of speech
  • Loss of movement
  • Bluish lips/ face
  • Stroke also has reported some times

How can spread coronavirus?

The coronavirus didn’t take a long time to spreads around the world. It spread very quickly like the wind. Like most types of coronaviruses, SARS-CoV-2 spreads by close relationships among peoples. When an infected person coughing or sneezing, produces the droplets of saliva and mucus. These droplets contaminate the surroundings including equipment and air. If a healthy person touches their nose, mouth or face after touching the contaminated area or inhales the contaminated air he may infect.

Coronavirus can tarry on different surfaces different time span. As examples, on metal, paper, glass, ceramic surfaces 5 dates, on plastic or stainless steel 2-3 days. Apart from these, on woods 4 days, cardboard 24 hours, copper 4 hours, aluminium 2-8 hours coronavirus can live.

Other materials that help to spread coronavirus

The coronavirus has not been found to be transmitted by water or food. If water contaminated with coronavirus, have to clean the water in the related area until virus perish. There is no evidence of how long the virus stays on linens. But some evidence has shown that shoes are a good way to spread coronavirus. Furthermore, most germs which make the infections live on the skin several hours. Coronavirus also may stay on the human body and because of that, it is important to wash your hands and keep personal hygiene.

Are you at risk for coronavirus infection?

If you travelled to a hazardous area or contaminated with a risky person, you are endangered to infect with coronavirus. Then, follow these things to prevent spreading.

The main thing is staying at home. If you feel uncomfortable or have any sign or any common symptom of coronaviruses like headache, runny nose or body aches, do not move with others (even with family members). Undergo self-quarantine. Use separate bedroom and washroom. It will help to protect your relations from the CIVID – 19 infections.

If you have SOB or chest tightness get medical advice according to health management in your country (There are different managements in different countries). As an example, you can call your doctor to know guidance before hospitalization. Then you can aware of their opinion about your condition and follow their guidance.

Be aware of all time. Listen to news and be alert regarding the rules and new updates about coronavirus disease.

How to prevent coronavirus infection?

The best way to prevent coronavirus is hand washing. Contaminated hands lead infections. To destroyed virus on your hands, wash it at least 20 seconds using soap or hand wash. After whole procedures which you have to contact with people or touch equipment, wash your hands properly using hand wash or soap. In situations which can’t wash your hands, rub your hands with alcohol sanitizer (more than 60% of alcohol).

Don’t touch your face, eyes, nose after touching something or some person. Avoid closer relationships with infected persons. Cover up your nose and mouth with a tissue when you sneezing and coughing and then discard the used tissues in safety way (ex; into a closed bin). Reduce unnecessary travelling and wear a mask. Follow all preventive and protective methods introduced by your government.

Is COVID -19 treatable?

Nowhere in the world is there a definitive treatment found for this. Specialists have proclaimed, it takes a year to 18 months to find a drug or vaccine for coronavirus infection. But there are a few potential drugs used to treat the COVID – 19 under testing level. Hydroxychloroquine is one of drug that most talked related under coronavirus.

Usually, hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine used to treat malaria and has named as a potential drug for coronavirus. There was a rapid increase reported in prescriptions in some countries for both hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine. So, the specialists have paid their attention to the efficiency and safety of this drug and they are testing about it. According to some news, there are more than 150 drugs under the tests. Most of them are existing drugs that are used for other diseases previously. According to some news, there are tests ongoing to find a drug by using the blood of people who have recovered from disease to treat people who still have it.

Indigenous doctors in some countries say that local medicine has been shown the successful results for COVID – 19. But, there seems to be no support or attention from any responsible persons for those sectors. Under this kind of situation, people tended to use local herbs like coriander, garlic, turmeric and venivelgeta. People believe that it is a cure for coronavirus disease. However, it is advisable to consider these methods also in this situation.

How to diagnose COVID -19?

If you have suspiciousness you may have infected, the important thing is telling truth about your condition with health professionals. They may need to know people who closely contacted with you and where did you go in the last few days. Avoid from hiding your details and give true details about your history related to COVID – 19.

There are several factors to do tests to see if the coronavirus infected. According to your risk level, it is up to whether you should be tested or not. Because of the limited number of tests that can be performed per day and the people who are most at risk are selected to do the test. So you have to face a screening test conducted by a responsible person or institute. They will decide whether you are suitable to undergo a diagnostic test or not. Determination factors are;

  • Has the person associated with a contaminated person?
  • Has the individual travelled in risk area?
  • Is he/she more vulnerable to serious diseases?

If an individual fulfils these factors he/ she may suitable to undergo the diagnostic test. The sample takes from the nose or throat using a swab. Tests are done in a laboratory. The test is called polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and this is the main test used to diagnose coronavirus around the world.


The coronavirus has spread worldwide and no a drug or vaccine has been found yet. It has taken hundreds of thousands of people to death, blocking the respiratory tract of people around the world. The best way to prevent this is persona hygiene. Follow all health advice to get yourself out of the disease. Wash your hands, bath, wear a mask to protect you and others. Finally, we like to say, stay at home, be safe and accompany with healthy manners. If you have any symptoms of coronavirus meet a doctor and help them to collect your data. According to the professionals’ mind, though the present condition is calming down the second wave of coronavirus will come soon. For more details about health topics and coronavirus follow our website.